NL_01.Wave-Corpuscle Duality in Macroworld and in Microworld: Similarities and Dissimilarities


This paper identifies the substantial nature of microworld wave-corpuscle duality and sets out fundamental differences between the microworld and macroworld wave-corpuscle duality. * Wave-corpuscle duality of microscopic objects over a century has been among the most intriguing features of microworld. The fact is that microworld objects typically exhibit corpuscularity properties, that is, properties of strictly localized objects, and at the same time in special conditions have properties of spatially distributed and spatially unbounded media. Wave-corpuscle properties of microscopic objects were revealed during diffraction experiments when moving microscopic objects are passing through slots, through crystal lattices, nearby edges of bodies etc. Microscopic objects which have cleared diffractive obstacles (diffracted microobjects) leave spot traces on observation screen which speaks for their corpuscularity while distribution of numerous traces reminds in its nature intensity distribution of diffracted purely wave flows. Experiments prove that wave-corpuscle properties are exhibited by each individually diffracted microobject. * Substantial nature of microobjects is still unknown. According to quantum physics a microscopic object is not a pure corpuscle or a pure wave or any particle-wave combination but a structurally superrational object. It is still obscure how moving microscopic objects clear diffraction obstacles. A famous American physicist R. Feynman, a prominent representative of physical scientific elite, speaking of diffraction experiments with microobjects in a popular lecture told: " …. Do not torture yourselves with the question " How this can be? " for otherwise you will reach a deadlock no one has managed to get out from yet. Nobody knows how this can be " [1]. * Short of comprehension of the nature of wave-corpuscle duality of electrons physicists were able to develop a quite accurate quantitative description of distribution of diffracted electron traces on sensitive screen. It appeared that this description is of a very specific, probabilistic nature. The midpoint thereof is E. Schrodinger's quantitative ψ-formalism. Stepwise it has been found that the primary cause of such an indeterminism is the hypothesis of existence of the smallest indivisible energy quanta adopted by the microworld theory and indeterminacy relation hypotheses arising thereunder. And since microphysics considered the smallest indivisible quanta and indeterminacy principles to be objective factors of the material world physicists thought that the problem of identification of world structure-related probability laws had thus became completely and indisputably resolved. His has resulted in physicists thinking that the problem of identification of substantial nature of wave-corpuscle duality needs no further consideration. …


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